Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the by Hamid Dabashi

By Hamid Dabashi

From the origins of Muhammad's prophetic move during the improvement of Islam's significant branches to the institution of the Umayyad dynasty, the concept that of authority has been imperative to Islamic civilization. through studying the character, association, and transformation of authority over the years, Dabashi conveys either continuities and disruptions inherent within the improvement of a brand new political tradition. it really is this technique, he argues, that bills for the elemental styles of authority in Islam that eventually formed, in dialectical interplay with exterior historic elements, the process Islamic civilization.

The ebook starts off by way of interpreting the primary features of authority in pre-Islamic Arab society. Dabashi describes the imposition of the Muhammadan charismatic circulate on pre-Islamic Arab tradition, tracing the adjustments it brought within the cloth of pre-Islamic Arabia. He examines the continuities and alterations that undefined, concentrating on the idea that of authority, and the formation of the Sunnite, Shiite, and Karajite branches of Islam as political expressions of deep cultural cleavages. For Dabashi, the formation of those branches was once the inevitable end result of the conflict among pre-Islamic styles of authority and people of the Muhammadan charismatic circulate. In flip, they molded either the team spirit and the range of the rising Islamic tradition. Authority in Islam explains how this got here to be.

Dabashi employs Weber's suggestion of charismatic authority in describing Muhammad and his mode of authority as either a version and some degree of departure. His function isn't to provide serious verification or competition to interpretation of ancient occasions, yet to signify a brand new method of the prevailing literature. The booklet is a vital contribution to political sociology in addition to the research of Islamic tradition and civilization. Sociologists, political scientists, and center jap experts will locate this research of specific value.

Show description

Read Online or Download Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the Establishment of the Umayyads PDF

Similar islam books

Spiritual Body and Celestial Earth: From Mazdean Iran to Shi'ite Iran (Bollingen Series XCI-2)

As ordinary, you could count on caliber from the Bollingen starting place. ..


An research of interrelated subject matters in Iranian faith, together with the angelology of Mazdaism and Islamic Shi'ite techniques of spirit-body identity.


"[O]ne of an important and ground-breaking works of Corbin whose unique French model . . . published a complete area and 'climate' of the religious universe of the Persian sages and mystics. "--Seyyéd Hossein Nasr, spiritual reviews

Human Conscience and Muslim-Christian Relations: Modern Egyptian Thinkers of Al-Damir (Islamic Studies Series)

Human moral sense and Muslim-Christian Relations puts forward a dialogue of the way the inspiration of moral sense might unite Muslim and Christians throughout non secular divides, in addition to studying the relation among selfhood and otherness in interfaith discussion. the writer explores how the concept of moral sense has been handled by means of glossy Egyptian authors and discusses their works in gentle of the way Christian-Muslim relatives in Egypt have advanced in the course of the sleek interval.

Power in the Portrayal: Representations of Jews and Muslims in Eleventh- and Twelfth-Century Islamic Spain.

Energy within the Portrayal unveils a clean and very important standpoint on energy kin in 11th- and twelfth-century Muslim Spain as mirrored in old and literary texts of the interval. utilizing the equipment of the hot ancient literary research in a number of texts, Ross Brann unearths the paradoxical family among the Andalusi Muslim and Jewish elites in an period while lengthy classes of tolerance and appreciate have been punctuated by way of outbreaks of hysteria and hostility.

Additional resources for Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the Establishment of the Umayyads

Sample text

By the authority they manifested, Dar al-Nadwah and its ancillary institutions rendered the Arab culture and character expressions of each other. The dynamism of the preIslamic Arab culture, so prevalent in such institutions and yet so totally concealed under the post-Islamic accusation of Jahiliyyah, is of utmost significance in understanding the nature and organization of the Islamic Political culture. The vitality of the pre-Islamic culture was also manifested in its ability to expand and accommodate new situations.

Max Weber, Economy and Society In an ex post facto explanation of the emergence of Islam, many Islamicists have argued explicitly or implicitly that the "corruption" of Arab society gave rise to a religious movement that offered a more "just" alternative (Hodgson 1974; Petroshevsky 1976, Watt 1961)—a particularly untenable argument because of the continuity of such practices as slavery from the pre- to postIslamic periods. Considering the Muhammadan movement as a social rebellion against an "unjust" system is an anachronistic reading of the phenomenon.

Weber's original sentence, more forcefully connecting "authority" and the use of "legitimate violence," reads, Der Staat ist, ebenso wie die ihm geschichtlich vorausgehenden politischen Verbande, ein auf das Mittel der legitimen (das heisst: als legitim angesehenen) Gewaltsamkeit gestiitztes Herrschaftsverhaltms von Menschen iiber Menschen. Damit er bestehe, miissen sich also die beherrschten Menschen der beanspruchten Autoritat der jeweils herrschenden/wgew. " Muhammad's establishment of Islam as a "universal," or metahistorical, religion was implemented through physical force and was simultaneous with the foundation of the Islamic state.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.37 of 5 – based on 4 votes