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Extra resources for Athenagoras: A Study in Second Century Christian Apologetic
Strom. 14·95, 2 and Eusebius Praep .. Ev. 13·7·5 and it is possible that they had been brought together before Athenagoras' time. The quotation is completed in Leg. " This is close to Mt. 's &YlXn~O'7]"t'e:. Again a conflation with Lk. 34 occurs (EelV ~IXV[O'7]"t'e: nlXp' &v EAn[~e:"t'e: AIX~e:r:V). In Leg. 32 Athenagoras quotes Mt. 28 exactly while in Leg. 33 he quotes the saying on divorce from Mt. 9 (cf. Mt. 31-2 and Mk. 10. II-I2) but with the omission of the exceptive clause fL~ Ent nopve:[~.
23. 14. , Haer. 48. II. IS. , Haer. 4. BIBLICAL AND CHRISTIAN BACKGROUND 77 Montanus then conceivably Athenagoras could have been influenced by him, although even then he must have changed the image to a flautist and his flute. But in fact Philo compares the soul to a lyre whose string God attunes so that its owner can lead a virtuous life 16. This led to the idea of God striking the lyre of the prophet's soul and producing what He willed. Athenagoras' view of prophetic inspiration also has some slight contacts with Philo.
7. Med. 36. Med. 19, 2I. 23. 24. 25· 26. Med. 7, 45. Med. 7, 17. Med. 34. Leg. 36. 62 GALEN, MARCUS AURELIUS AND CELSUS 63 ATHENAGORAS you that controls the springs... keep yourself every hour of freedom, contentedly, simply and reverently ... Bear and forbear 27". The Stoic Posidonius' conception of the world as a unified organism also made a deep impression on the Emperor who linked it to Rome's predominance. He is not unjustly referred to as the "Stoic" Emperor. It would appear that Athenagoras was aware of Marcus Aurelius' characteristic thoughts, which found expression in the Meditations, to which he appealed obliquely without compromising the essentials of his Christian belief 28.