The Astadhyayi of Panini Volume 1 (Introduction to the by Rama Nath Sharma

By Rama Nath Sharma

Half 1 of a 6 quantity sequence. This quantity examines the notions of grammar, rule, and derivation on the subject of the Astadhyayi as a grammatical machine. This e-book is a reprint version of vol.1, with a translation of ideas within the Index and an up to date bibliography.

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Extra info for The Astadhyayi of Panini Volume 1 (Introduction to the Astadhyayi as a Grammatical Device)

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3 provides for the formation of a tatpurusa compound with the first constituent containing dviñya 'second,' trfiya 'third,' caturtha or turya 'fourth'. Kasika with its varitika requires that txmya 'fourth' should also be desired to be mentioned. This is necessaiy to account for forms such as tyñyabhikşā or bhiltşāturīyam 'fourth portion of alms'. Candra and Katantraboth have sutrasaccounting for these compounds though Mahdbhdsya and SKdo not provide for them. 86 kannani hanah introduces affix Mn/after verbal root han 'to kill' when, among other things, apada denoting karman co-occurs.

Thus, where Kasika has tisthate kanyā chātrebhyah 'the girl is waiting for the students' and madhu atra 'there is honey here,' SK, like PK, has kŗşņāya tişthate gopt 'the gofri is waiting for Krsna' and cakñ atra 'Visnu is here'. The Vedic examples have been taken from Samhitas, Brahmanas and Aranyakas, but Bhattoji relies mostly on the Mahabhasya and Kasika. The number of vārttikas used in the SK is comparatively less than the Kasika. It is believed that since the focus was on prakriya, only those vārttikas were used which were directly related to examples.

He also includes KyaN in the gloss rather than saying, in addition, that KyaN is carried. 18 sukhādibhyah hartŗvedanāyām), he simply glosses kartŗvedanāyām as hartur anubhave 'when the agent experiences'. Purusottama does not deem it necessary to indicate that harman is carried as modifier to items enumerated by the rule. Furthermore, he does not take a lengthy route to explain kartŗvedanāyām as Kasika does: ... vedanāyām arthe' nubhave... e. anubhava '(experiencing) ... , are related to the agent's own experiencing'.

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