By Michael Cook
Why does Islam play a bigger position in modern politics than different religions? Is there anything in regards to the Islamic background that makes Muslims much more likely than adherents of alternative faiths to invoke it of their political lifestyles? if this is the case, what's it? old Religions, sleek Politics seeks to reply to those questions through reading the jobs of Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity in sleek political lifestyles, putting unique emphasis at the relevance—or irrelevance—of their heritages to today’s social and political concerns.
Michael cook dinner takes an in-depth, comparative examine political identification, social values, attitudes to conflict, perspectives concerning the function of faith in quite a few cultural domain names, and conceptions of the polity. In most of these fields he unearths that the Islamic historical past bargains richer assets for these engaged in present politics than both the Hindu or the Christian heritages. He makes use of this discovering to give an explanation for the truth that, regardless of the lifestyles of Hindu and Christian opposite numbers to a few points of Islamism, the phenomenon as a complete is exclusive on the earth this present day. The publication additionally indicates that fundamentalism—in the experience of a decision to come to the unique assets of the religion—is politically extra adaptive for Muslims than it really is for Hindus or Christians.
A sweeping comparative research by way of one of many world’s major students of premodern Islam, historic Religions, sleek Politics sheds very important gentle at the dating among the foundational texts of those 3 nice spiritual traditions and the politics in their fans this day.
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Extra info for Ancient Religions, Modern Politics: The Islamic Case in Comparative Perspective
After examining state policies and their role in the construction of Islamic movements, I examine the economic landscape, along with urbanization as a site and a bundle of practices that create opportunity spaces for Muslims to imagine activist Islamic identities. Finally, I deal with the emergence of Islamic intellectuals, new communication networks, and the educational system as a habitat for the articulation of Islamic political identity. 2 The Enduring Ottoman Legacy In order to understand the origin and evolution of contemporary Turkish Islamic movements and their relationship with the Kemalist Republic, it is necessary to understand the formative impact of the Ottoman state tradition.
Thus the debate between Islam and secularism is a debate about the boundary of state and society, the public and private. It is also a debate over the codes of everyday life. 2. The evolution of Islamic movements in Republican Turkey Repertoire of action (strategies and means) Goal Legitimate Illegitimate Vertical State-centric; elite vanguard; from above Reformist: Nak7ibendi and Nurcu political support to Democrat Party (1950–1960) and alliance with the Justice Party (1960–1970) and the formation of the first Islamic political party (1970–1980) and the Welfare/Virtue Party (1983–2001) in the hope of controlling the state.
State-Oriented Islamic Movements State-oriented vertical Islamic movements tend to be authoritarian and elitist in terms of decision-making and believe that the ills of society are best corrected by the control of the state through its enforcement of a uniform and homogenizing religious ideology. These movements are more likely to form when the state is oppressive or is in the process of opening new opportunity spaces. Statecentric Islamic identity evolved in Turkey as society was encouraged to proceed along a “civilizing” project to create a homogeneous nation-state.