By Joan Beal
This sequence offers introductions to the most components of English language research. Volumes conceal features of the heritage and constitution of the language similar to: syntax, phonology, morphology, local and social edition, previous English, center English, Early smooth English and overseas Englishes.
content material: 1. advent: are neighborhood kinds doomed?; 2. accessory; three. Dialect I: 'grammar'; four. Dialect II: lexis; five. The Diffusion version; 6. Levelling; 7. neighborhood id/ groups of perform; eight. Stereotypes; nine. end; 10. Resources.
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Extra info for An introduction to regional Englishes : dialect variation in England
There seems to be a North–South cline of acceptability for double modals: more combinations of modals are allowed in Scots than in North-Eastern English dialects, and more are allowed in the dialect of rural Northumberland than in that of urban Tyneside. For instance, the combination of would and could only appears in the urban area if a negative is involved, but also appears in the positive in rural Northumberland. Examples from McDonald (1981: 186–7) are: I can’t play on a Friday. I work late.
Note: the exact words used by Trudgill as examples do not all appear in Mr Tickle, so you need to find equivalents. ) • What other features of accent do you notice in these readings? ) • You may want to make a recording of yourself or a friend reading Mr Tickle and submit it to the website. Full instructions are provided. Further reading Volume 1 of Wells (1982) provides an account of the keywords used in this chapter, along with a survey of the major variables in accents of English. Volume 2 provides a more detailed description of accent variation in British English, and a more recent account can be found in Kortmann and Upton (2008).
In many ways, then, the modal system of dialects in the far North of England is more similar to those of Irish and Scots English than to more southerly dialects in England. The ‘Middle North’ shares some of these characteristics, such as a tolerance for epistemic mustn’t. 9 Complementation In earlier (Standard) English, the infinitive could be introduced by for to rather than simply to, and this persists in both the South-West and the North. According to Wagner (2008: 432), in the South-West for to is used to introduce purpose clauses, but in the North it can introduce any infinitive clauses, as in When I moved it just didn’t enter me head for to say I wonder what if it’ll be different (from the NECTE corpus) and, from Bolton, We were glad for to get out (Shorrocks 1999: 248).