By Lea Shaver, Nagla Rizk
This quantity gains 5 chapters on present concerns dealing with highbrow estate, innovation and improvement coverage from the Egyptian viewpoint. those contain: details and communications know-how for improvement, copyright and comparative company versions in track, loose and open resource software program, patent reform and entry to drugs, and the function of the Egyptian executive in selling entry to wisdom the world over and regionally. deals an outline of the demanding situations and possibilities in selling entry to wisdom and combines either theoretical and pragmatic methods in facing highbrow estate and innovation estate internationally. Nagla E. Rizk is affiliate Professor and Chair of the Economics division on the American college in Cairo. Lea Shaver is an affiliate learn student and Lecturer in legislation at Yale legislations institution. Her study pursuits contain highbrow estate, human rights, and net law. This quantity beneficial properties 5 chapters on present concerns dealing with highbrow estate, innovation and improvement coverage from the Egyptian point of view. those comprise: details and communications expertise for improvement, copyright and comparative company versions in song, loose and open resource software program, patent reform and entry to drugs, and the function of the Egyptian govt in selling entry to wisdom the world over and regionally. bargains an summary of the demanding situations and possibilities in selling entry to wisdom and combines either theoretical and pragmatic methods in facing highbrow estate and innovation estate internationally. "This is a 'must learn' for students and practioners drawn to fiscal improvement, cultural construction and entry to knowledge"—Susan promote, George Washington collage "This ebook is a vital contribution to improving a nuanced, contextually conscious view of entry to wisdom and worldwide wisdom governance"—Yochaie Benkler, Harvard legislation School"This is a 'must learn' for students and practioners attracted to monetary improvement, cultural creation and entry to knowledge"—Susan promote, George Washington University
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Additional info for Access to Knowledge in Egypt: New Research in Intellectual Property, Innovation and Development
Within this new economic reality, intellectual property rights (IPRs) remain the predominant framework for arbitrating legal claims over the ownership of knowledge. IPRs, such as patents and copyright, have a major impact on the generation and dissemination of knowledge both nationally and internationally. Yet the global knowledge architecture – understood as the set of rules, arrangements and institutions governing knowledge flows at the international level – remains fragmented among a number of international organizations and processes dealing mainly with IPRs.
The chapter concludes by advocating a coherent, transparent and rights-based national policy on intellectual property and access to medicines. The authors also identify a number of areas that require further research. These include the analysis of drug patents granted since 2005, the scope and content of existing IP training programs for judges and prosecutors, and decisions issued by Egyptian courts on issues of drug patentability. The challenge to seek a fuller alignment between Egypt’s international A2K leadership and its domestic policies is further taken up by the fourth chapter.
Indb 25 12/12/09 9:43:01 PM 26 ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE IN EGYPT The UN Draft Code of Conduct on Transfer of Technology In May 1974, the UN General Assembly adopted the Programme of Action on the NIEO, which assigned a high priority to the formulation of an international code for the transfer of technology. The purpose of such a code was to facilitate international transfer of technology flows on more favorable terms to developing countries (Patel, Roffe and Yusuf 2000). The push for the code came particularly from a number of developing countries – such as Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and the Andean Pact countries (Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru) – which had already adopted a number of key domestic legislations and policies regulating foreign investment and the transfer of technology in the 1970s, reflecting their dissatisfaction with the market principles governing technology transactions.