A Woman's Place Is in the House: Campaigning for Congress in by Barbara Burrell

By Barbara Burrell

In this primary complete exam of girls applicants for the U.S. condominium of Representatives, Barbara Burrell argues that girls are as winning at successful elections as males. Why, then, are there nonetheless so few ladies participants of Congress? in comparison to different democratically elected nationwide parliaments, the U.S. Congress ranks very low in its share of girls participants. in the past decade, although increasingly more ladies have participated in nation and native governments, they've got now not made an identical profits on the nationwide level.
A Woman's position Is within the House examines the reports of the ladies who've run for a seat within the U.S. condominium of Representatives from 1968 via 1992 and compares their presence and function with that of male applicants. The longitudinal research examines either normal and first elections and refutes many myths linked to ladies applicants together with their skill to elevate funds and garner aid from either curiosity teams and political parties.
According to Burrell, election yr 1992 used to be thoroughly dubbed the "Year of the lady" in American politics--not lots simply because girls overcame perceived obstacles to being elected yet simply because for the 1st time an important variety of ladies selected to run in primaries. Burrell's examine examines the results girls are having at the congressional schedule and gives perception on how such concerns as time period obstacles and crusade finance reform will effect at the election of girls to Congress.
Barbara Burrell (Ph.D. collage of Michigan) is professor and director of graduate reviews within the Political technology division at Northern Illinois collage the place she teaches classes in public opinion, political habit and ladies and politics.

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Further, stereotypes that played to women's advantage in 1992 could have a backlash in future elections. They place both an opportunity and a burden on the women who got elected. Women will have a disproportionate responsibility to achieve change in a system that does not easily produce change. Women in leadership positions will be looked to as agents of change. They may be evaluated on the extent to which change is achieved. This review of voters' images of women as politicians has shown that the stereotypes that once haunted women who sought to be political leaders have not faded away, but rather that voters have come to value those qualities more in their politicians and that women can capitalize on their experiences and perspectives to gain greater representation in positions of power.

These factors are prior to campaign experiences in determining electoral outcomes. A third factor must also be taken into account in assessing the presence of women as candidates for national office in the contemporary era-opportunity. Efforts to increase women's candidacies have collided with limited political opportunities in recent elections. The political opportunity structure conditions the viability of campaigns for public office. At the same time as the public became more supportive of the idea of women in political life, the competitiveness of seats for the House declined.

In a majority of the election cycles voters have had the opportunity to vote for a woman as their party's nominee (if they so desired) in less than one quarter of the races in any year (combining Democratic and Republican contests). At the same time, female candidates' presence did increase substantially in the second half of this era. 16) between 1968 and 1978, she appeared in an average of one in three races between 1980 and 1990. Also, Democratic women tended to surpass their Republican counterparts in the number of their candidacies.

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