By A. R. Disney
The dominion of Portugal was once created as a derivative of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. with out geographical raison d'?tre and no noticeable roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it for lengthy remained a small, suffering realm on Europe's outer fringe. Then, within the early 15th century, this not likely springboard for Western enlargement unexpectedly started to gather an empire of its personal, ultimately extending greater than midway all over the world. The historical past of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, drawing fairly on ancient scholarship postdating the 1974 Portuguese Revolution, deals readers a entire review and reinterpretation of ways all this occurred - the 1st such account to seem in English for greater than a new release. quantity I matters the heritage of Portugal itself from pre-Roman occasions to the climactic French invasion of 1807, and quantity II strains the historical past of the Portuguese out of the country empire.
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Additional resources for A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807 (Volume 2)
DHDP vol 1 p 42. Mendonc¸a J de 1785 p 19; PHP vol 5 pp 113–14; Bovill E W 1952 pp 86–7. Bovill E W 1952 p 126; NHP vol 5 p 751. 64 However, when the march began Abd al-Malik was thought to be hundreds of kilometres away in Marrakesh, and no major action was yet expected. This was a fatal miscalculation, for in reality Sebastia˜o had delayed so long at Tangier and Asilah that the Sadian sultan had been able to muster and bring up his forces. As the Portuguese army stumbled on across a scorching terrain it was watched and shadowed.
13 Dom Pedro de Meneses was selected as captain and governor, beginning a long association between Morocco and the Meneses family – one of the earliest instances of a noble family achieving advancement and proﬁt from overseas service. The king, the princes and most of the expedition then returned to Portugal, leaving behind a garrison of about 2,500 soldiers. The whole operation was over within less than two weeks; but 9 10 11 12 13 Farinha A D 2002 p 17. Zurara G E de 1965 p 98. Lopes D 1937 pp 131–3; NHEP vol 2 pp 237–45; Braga I M D and Braga P D 1998 pp 17–25.
Joa˜o, who became king as Joa˜o II in 1481, was able to induce the rulers of Azemmour and Saﬁ to become Portugal’s tributaries and to agree to the establishment of Portuguese fortresses and feitorias on their territory. 25 He made the bold decision to construct a fortress on an island in the River Loukkos, ﬁfteen kilometres inland from Al-Arish. Called Graciosa, this fortress marked a bold new step in Portuguese North African expansion, for it was located beyond the reach of direct seaborne supplies.