By Jan Sihar Aritonang, Karel Steenbrink
Indonesia is the house of the biggest unmarried Muslim neighborhood of the area. Its Christian neighborhood, approximately 10 in line with cent of the inhabitants, has earlier bought no total description in English. via cooperation of 26 Indonesian and eu students, Protestants and Catholics, a extensive and balanced photo is given of its 24 million Christians. This booklet sketches the expansion of Christianity throughout the Portuguese interval (1511-1605), it provides a good account of advancements lower than the Dutch colonial management (1605-1942) and is extra difficult throughout the time of the Indonesian Republic (since 1945). It emphasizes the local modifications during this large state, simply because such a lot Christians stay open air the most island of Java. Muslim-Christian kinfolk, in addition to the tensions among overseas missionaries and native theology, obtain distinctive awareness.
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Extra resources for A History of Christianity in Indonesia (Studies in Christian Mission)
The Christians of Ambon and the neighbouring Lease Islands are the only Christian communities in the Moluccas that have survived without interruption to the present day. Therefore we will give a short overview of the socio-political situation of Ambon until the arrival of the Dutch in 1605 and then concentrate on the Christian communities of Ambon and the other islands. 32 chapter three Ambon and the Lease Islands: political structures as background for religious choices The history of Ambon since the arrival of the Portuguese in 1512 is well documented by several Portuguese sources, by the local Hikayat Tanah Hitu written by Rijali and preserved in Malay and Dutch, and also by short remarks in Rumphius’ Ambonsche Historie (composed in 1679 on Ambon).
II:70–75). The Ternatean mission to Lisbon was back in Ternate in 1585, after Baabullah’s death. 30 chapter three After five years of siege, the Portuguese fortress on Ternate had to surrender. Weakened by illness and with no hope of being relieved the defenders were allowed to leave for Ambon or Malacca (1575). When Baabullah wrote to the king of Portugal seeking the punishment of the murderers of his father, he mentioned astonishingly that he would maintain the fortress for him by keeping a Portuguese captain, a feitor, and twelve soldiers chosen by himself.
In 1604 three emissaries from Hitu asked the Dutch at Banten to throw the Portuguese out of Ambon. On 23 February 1605 the Portuguese captain surrendered the fort without a fight to the Dutch Admiral Steven van der Haghen. Actually the Jesuits together with the Christian Ambonese wanted to defend themselves, but the Portuguese had lost hope and wanted to leave. Van der Haghen who was not anti-Catholic at all, allowed the two Jesuits and the married Portuguese to stay on the island and to exercise their Catholic faith together with their Ambonese co-religionists.