By Stephen Colvin
A old Greek Reader presents an creation to the background of the traditional Greek language via a chain of texts with linguistic remark, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It bargains a variety of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koinГ© (the most recent textual content dates to the second one century AD), and features a wide selection of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a couple of famous inscriptions with fresh discoveries that will not be simply to be had somewhere else; a range of literary texts strains significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The ebook finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic historical past of koinГ© Greek. The statement assumes no earlier wisdom of Greek historic linguistics, yet presents a simple quantity of updated bibliography in order that complicated scholars and others can pursue linguistic concerns at better intensity the place important.
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Additional resources for A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine
Secondary long e and o had merged with the inherited long vowels [ε:] (η) and [ :] (ω); but at the beginning of the IV cent. 42 Introduction §35 inherited long e (η) started to be written ει, indicating a closer pronunciation [e:]. ˙ end of the VI cent. the diphthong αι began to be 6. From the written αε, and by the mid IV cent. was written η. These changes indicate transition to a monophthong [ε:]. 7. ) υ. This indicates a change to the monophthong [ü:] (for the spelling cf. 4). 8. Inherited υ remained a true [u], unlike in Attic, and from the early IV cent.
Giving θεαν, etc. 2. In line with the preceding, ν (< εν < * σεντ) ‘they were’ was replaced by σαν, but was reused as the 3 sing. in place of < * στ. ( εν was perhaps analysed as * ε + -ν, by analogy with the old 1 sing. ) 3. Imperative, 3 plur. -Ion. ) and some insular Doric (Crete, Thera): cf. Lesb. -ντον. Most dialects have -ντω. 4. -Ion. (that of π λι ) is peculiar: it is marked by ablaut of the i-suﬃx (thus nom. plur. *polei-es > π λει ), followed by extensive reorganization. The attested ˆ paradigm was built by reinterpreting (or refashioning) the old endingless loc.
Ry-) 74 a27. thessalian only: 3. (a) Secondary long e and o merged with the inherited long vowels [ε:] (η) and [ :] (ω). By the IV cent. 1): συνθε κα 10 1. e. [ai] > [ε:] > [e:]), for which cf. 6 below. , in most cases anticipating the developments that characterize modern Greek. The Boeotians attempted to keep track of sound-changes in the spelling, especially after the introduction of the Ionic alphabet at the beginning of the IV cent. 4. In the V cent. the diphthong ει [ey] began to be written ι, indicating transition to a monophthong [i:] (probably via [e:]).