By Epps, Patience
This paintings is a reference grammar of Hup, a member of the Nadahup relatives (also referred to as MakÃº or VaupÃ©s-Japura), that's spoken within the fascinatingly multilingual VaupÃ©s sector of the northwest Amazon. This particular description and research is trained through a functional-typological viewpoint, with specific connection with areal touch and grammaticalization. The grammar starts with an creation to the cultural and linguistic history of Hup audio system, offers an summary of the phonology, and follows this with chapters on morphosyntax (nominal morphology, verbs and verb compounding, demanding, point, modality, evidentiality, etc.); it concludes with discussions of negation, the straightforward clause, and clause combining. a couple of positive factors of Hup grammar are typologically major, comparable to its technique of inversion in query formation, its procedure of Differential item Marking, and its remedy of ownership. Hup additionally shows numerous hugely strange paths of grammaticalization, similar to the advance of a verbal destiny suffix from the noun stick, tree. The e-book additionally contains a collection of texts and a CD-ROM with audio documents.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Hup
These tend to be concentrated in particular geographic areas, but almost all clans are represented in more than one village, and every village is made up of members (both male and female) of multiple clans. Clan membership is determined patrilineally, and is traced back in each case to a particular ancestral figure. 1 below). This affiliation corresponds to clan divisions, as illustrated in Table 2. River Indian clans are ranked hierarchically (cf. Chernela 1993, Hill 1985, S. ); a few Hupd’h mention such a ranking for their own Hup clans, but almost no one seems to be aware of this or care much about it.
This is according to my fieldnotes and V. ) It seems likely that some of these names preserve archaic features of the language, or perhaps started out as Yuhup names and entered Hup through intermarriage (which occasionally occurs, although Hup people claim that this was much less common in the past). The cultural context of the Hupd’h Clan Male spell name yã/am ‘jaguar’s tail’ hç)p Female spell name yã/ám ‘entering jaguar’ ‘catches no fish’ hw dh ‘urucu-water’ pu)êh ? ’ b’eb’p ‘butterfly’ hæb ?
They practice limited agriculture (cultivating mostly bitter manioc in small plots), and hunt and gather for much of their subsistence. Their lifestyle is therefore distinct from that of the River Indians, who live along the rivers, travel by canoe, and rely primarily on fishing and agriculture (also cultivating bitter manioc) for their subsistence. 6 below). Nevertheless, many Hupd’h today still spend several months of the year away from their villages, visiting relatives, living in hunting and gathering camps in the forest, or attached to a River Indian village.