Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th Edition by Miquel Porta

By Miquel Porta

The recent, thoroughly revised, and up to date variation of this vintage textual content --sponsored through the overseas Epidemiological organization (IEA) and formerly edited by way of John Last-- is still the definitive dictionary in epidemiology world wide. in truth, with contributions from over 220 epidemiologists and different clients of epidemiology from around the world, it truly is greater than a dictionary: it comprises factors and reviews on either center epidemiologic phrases and on different clinical phrases suitable to all pros in scientific drugs and public well-being, in addition to to pros within the different health and wellbeing, lifestyles, and social sciences. a person looking readability on epidemiologic and methodological definitions very important to human future health will locate it right here. at the eve of a box journey to a international land, a future health scientist remarked that if he needed to restrict his expert library to 1 quantity on epidemiology, this is able to be the e-book he would select.

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Bioassay may be a direct method of estimating relative potency: groups of subjects are assigned to each of two (or more) preparations, the dose that is just sufficient to produce a specified response is measured, and the estimate is the ratio of the mean doses for the two (or more) groups. ” The indirect method (more commonly used) requires study of the relationship between the magnitude of a dose and the magnitude of a quantitative response produced by it. See also interaction. BIODIVERSITY (Syn: biological diversity) The variety of species of plants, animals, and microorganisms in a natural community, of communities within a particular environment, and of genetic variation within a species (genetic diversity).

See vector-borne infection for terms that describe these features. Area sampling 8 AREA SAMPLING A method of sampling that can be used when the numbers in the population are unknown. , by means of a grid that produces squares on a map); these subareas are then numbered and sampled using a table of random numbers. Depending upon circumstances, the population in the sampled areas may first be enumerated, and then a second stage of sampling may be conducted. ARITHMETIC MEAN See mean, arithmetic; average.

3 Adherence ACE American College of Epidemiology. ACQUAINTANCE NETWORK A group of persons in contact or communication among whom transmission of an infectious agent and of knowledge, behavior, and values is possible and whose social interaction may have health implications. See also context; transmission of infection. ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) (Syn: acquired immune deficiency syndrome) The late clinical stage of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), recognized as a distinct syndrome in 1981.

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