A Dictionary of Epidemiology by Miquel Porta

By Miquel Porta

This 6th version of A Dictionary of Epidemiology -- the main up-to-date on account that its inception -- displays the profound substantial and methodological adjustments that experience come to symbolize epidemiology and its linked disciplines. backed through the overseas Epidemiological organization, this publication is still the basic reference for an individual learning or operating in epidemiology, biostatistics, public overall healthiness, drugs, or the turning out to be quantity well-being sciences within which epidemiologic competency is now required.

More than simply a dictionary, this article is an important guidebook to the country of the technology. It bargains the most up-tp-date, authoritative definitions of phrases critical to biomedical and public wellbeing and fitness literature -- every little thing from confounding and incidence rate to epigenetic inheritance and Number Needed to Treat. As epidemiology keeps to alter and develop, A Dictionary of Epidemiology will stay its ebook of checklist.

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28,72 See also field epidemiology; hospital epidemiology. arbovirus An arthropod-borne virus. Various RNA viruses transmitted principally by arthropods, including the causative agents of encephalitis, yellow fever and dengue. , transmission between vertebrate host organisms by bloodfeeding (hematophagous) arthropod vectors such as mosquitoes, ticks, sand flies, and midges. The interaction of arbovirus, vertebrate host, and arthropod vector gives this class of infections unique epidemiological features.

47 See also supplier induced demand. , microorganism, chemical substance, form of radiation, mechanical, behavioral, social agent or process) whose presence, excessive presence, or (in deficiency diseases) relative absence is essential for the occurrence of a disease. A disease may have a single agent, a number of independent alternative agents (at least one of which must be present), or a complex of two or more factors whose combined presence is essential for or contributes to the development of the disease or other outcome.

Adverse selection A phenomenon of major theoretical concern in health insurance markets, which occurs when people with health-related characteristics different from those of the average person can choose the amount of health insurance they purchase. 7 See also asymmetry of information. aetiology, aetiological See etiology. age The duration of time that a person has lived, conventionally measured in completed years of life. The WHO recommends that age should be defined by completed units of time, counting the day of birth as zero.

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